A catapult is a military instrument used in antiquity for the remote launching of large objects used as projectiles. It was probably invented by the Greeks and later improved by Carthaginians and Romans and widely used in the Middle Ages.
The catapult was created mainly to demolish enemy walls and to assault the castles. Catapults are siege weapons that were used in the wars and conflicts of the Middle Ages. The first catapults were used over very long distances, which made construction and subsequent use very difficult. This forced the creators and engineers to work in their form, weight, size, design and mobility, as they were necessary weapons in the great combats. In this way it was possible to obtain a lighter catapult, Easier to handle and move, becoming involved in battles.
The larger models were mounted on strong wooden platforms; The trigger or impeller of this type of spring was tensioned by ropes until it was secured with a hook. Another type of catapult applied the principle of torsion to throw stones or heavy objects on walls and moats: ropes rolled with lathes to push back the drive mechanism. Smaller catapults were also used, which were portable.
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